Analysis of the nutrient foramen in human dry ulnae of Turkish population: An anatomical study and current literature review
Abstract views: 99 / PDF downloads: 92
Keywords:Nutrient foramen, ulna, clinical importance, foraminal index
Objective: The nutrient artery which enters through the nutrient foramen (NF) provides blood circulation and nutrition in long bones. This supply is essential during the growing period, the early phases of ossification, and in some surgical procedures. This study aimed to investigate NF in adult human ulnas in the Turkish population.
Methods: For this study, 155 (70 right and 85 left) Turkish dry adult human ulnas were used. The presence, number, and patency of NF were recorded as well as its topography and direction. The vertical distance between the most proximal point of the olecranon and the proximal edge of the NF (DONF), and the longitudinal distance between the most ventral point of the coronoid process on the sagittal plane and the proximal edge of the NF (DCpNF) was calculated. Additionally, the foraminal index (FI) was assessed.
Results: Single and double NFs were in 139 ulnas (89.67%), and 3 ulnas (1.94%), respectively. NFs were not observed in 13 ulnas (8.39%). The majority of NFs (93.12%) were situated on the anterior surface of the ulna. The direction of all NFs was towards the elbow. The mean DONF and DCpNF were 9.48 ± 1.57 cm, and 6.68 ± 1.44 cm, respectively. The FI was 37.45% in ulnas with a single NF, while it was 41.46% in ulnas with a double NF.
Conclusion: Our study has presented additional information such as the FI of ulnas with 2 NFs, and the distance between the coronoid process and NF in the Turkish population.
Azizi J, Danısh H. Anatomical study of nutrient foramen in the long bones of upper extremities. Int J Eng Appl Sci Technol 2019; 4: 7-10.
Kizilkanat E, Boyan N, Ozsahin ET, Soames R, Oguz O. Location, number and clinical significance of nutrient foramina in human long bones. Ann Anat 2007; 189(1): 87-95.
Pereira GAM, Lopes PTC, Santos AMPV, Silveira FHS. Nutrient foramina in the upper and lower limb long bones: morphometric study in bones of Southern Brazilian adults. Int J Morphol 2011; 29(2): 514-20.
Ukoha UU, Umeasalugo KE, Nzeako HC, Ezejindu DN, Ejimofor OC, Obazie IF. A study of nutrient foramina in long bones of Nigerians. NJMR 2013; 3(04): 304-308.
Parmar AM, Vaghela B, Shah K, Patel B, Trivedi B. Morphometric analysis of nutrient foramina in human typical long bones of upper limb. Natl J Integr Res Med 2014; 5(5): 26-9.
Mishra AK, Jaiswal S, Verma RK, Mishra G, Kumar N. A topographical study of nutrient foramen in dry human long bones of the superior extremity. EJMR 2019; 6(2): 67-70.
Charan KA, Parthasarathy M, Sharmadhakl PM, Parthasarathy KR, Krishnarjun P. Morphological and topographical anatomy of nutrient foramina in human upper limb long bones and their surgical importance. IOSR-JDMS 2016; 15(8): 80-5.
Uzuner MB, Ocak M, Geneci F, Kocabıyık N, Sargon MF, Asaad AS. Quantitative and morphometric evaluation of the foramina nutricia in the long bones of the upper and lower extremities in Anatolian population. Kafkas J Med Sci 2018; 8(1): 30-34.
Priya DC, Durga JL, Chandrupatla M. A morphological study of nutrient foramina of human ulna and their clinical importance. IJSR 2019; 6: 75-9.
Udayasree L, Ravindranath G, Maheswari KB, Prasad SG. Anatomical study of nutrient foramina in dried human upper limb bones and their clinical significance. J Evol Med Dent Sci 2017; 6(2): 110-113.
Solanke KS, Bhatnagar R, Pokhrel R. Number and position of nutrient foramina in humerus, radius and ulna of human dry bones of Indian origin with clinical correlation. OA Anatomy 2014; 2(1): 4.
Chavda SR, Rathwa AJ, Akbari V. A study on variations of nutrient foramen of ulna in Saurashtra region with its clinical relevance. Int J Anat Res 2018; 6(4.2): 5844-47.
Kumari S, Sidhu V, Sharma RK, Kullar JS. A Study Of Ulnar Diaphysial Nutrient Foramina In North Indian Population With Its Clinico-Anatomical Co-Relation. Eur J Mol Clin Med 2021; 8(4): 1077-1085.
Rangasubhe P, Havaldar PP. An osteological study on nutrient foramina of human dry adult ulna bones. Int J Anat Res 2019; 7(1.2): 6149-53.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 European Journal of Therapeutics
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The content of this journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.