Traumatic Injuries From Sheep Sacrifice During the Eid Al-Adha Holiday A Prospective Multicentered Study

Traumatic Injuries From Animal Sacrifice

Abstract views: 96 / PDF downloads: 70




Sacrifice, Eid Al-Adha, injuries, emergency, medicine, sheep


Objective: We sought to describe injuries related to the sacrificial slaughtering of animals during the Eid holiday. Methods: We conducted a centered prospective observational cohort study during the Eid (August 21-24, 2018) at 5 emergency departments in Gaziantep, Turkey. Descriptive statistics of injuries collected included the injury location, involvement of dominant or non-dominant hand, cause of injury (instrument vs animal), type of instrument causing injury, surgical interventions performed, and professional occupations of patients. Results: We included two hundred seventy-seven patients with injuries who fulfilled the criteria and excluded injuries not related to animal slaughter. Most injuries (91%) occurred in people who were not professional butchers (n=252) and simple laceration (not involving vessels or tendons) was the most common injury type (95.3%; n=265). Those who were injured and had no experience were mostly injured during the processing of the meat (butchering) and while helping others. Lacerations were most commonly observed in the upper extremity (83.4%; n=231), on the non-dominant side (67.5%; n=187), in the hand (78.7%, n=218), and specifically in the index finger (23.1%; n=64). A surgery was performed on 8 patients. Conclusion: The first day of Eid is associated with an increase in mostly non-dominant upper extremity injuries among inexperienced people slaughtering animals. Further education and safety measures may reduce such injuries. Emergency departments serving larger Muslim communities may benefit from anticipating an uptick in these injuries.


Metrics Loading ...


Bardakoğlu A. Kurban (İslâm’da Kurban). Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı İslam Ansiklopedisi.İstanbul:Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı Yayınları; 2002.26: p. 436-40.

$1.85 billion to be spent on sacrificial animals for Qurban Bayram in Turkey. (2018), from (Accessed 9 December 2019)

Basturk M, Katirci Y, Ocak T, Yurdakul MS, Duran A, Baspinar I. Patients admitted to emergency units with injuries related to the four Hajj-associated annual animal sacrifice feasts from 2010 to 2013. Ann Saudi Med 2016; 36: 139-42.

Avşaroğullari L, Ikizceli I, Sözüer E, Yürümez Y, Kiliç S. Hand injuries during a Muslim Sacrifice Festival. Am J Emerg Med 2004; 22: 508-9.

Sarifakioğlu N, Levent A, Terzioğlu A, Aslan G. Do we sacrifice ourselves? Plast Reconstr Surg 2003; 111: 1762-3. [CrossRef]

Dizen H, Koç M, Ocak S. The Sacrifice Festival: who is the victim?.Fifth Department of Surgery Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital Ankara, Turkey. Ann Emerg Med 2009; 53: 547-8.

Bildik F, Yardan T, Demircan A, Uçkan MU, Ergin M, Hacioğlu EG. The real victims of the islamic feast of sacrifice: injuries related to the sacrifice. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2010; 16: 319-22.

Ersen B, Akin S, Saki MC, Tunali O, Aksu I, Kose M. 195 Hand Injuries in 12 Days: The Outcomes of the Feast of Sacrifice. World J Plast Surg 2016; 5: 187-9.

Sica A, Larbi K, Maalla R, Turki M, Charfi H, Gharbi N, et al. The sacrified of sacrifice day. Tunis Med 2005; 83: 756-9.

Rahman MM, Al-Zahrani S, Al-Qattan MM. “Outbreak” of hand injuries during Hajj festivities in Saudi Arabia. Ann Plast Surg 1999; 43: 154-5.

OECD (2014), Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing. (2014), from (Accessed 9 December 2019).




How to Cite

Oktay, M. M., Boğan, M., Sabak, M., Gümüşboğa, H., Hakmeh, W., & Eren, Şevki H. (2021). Traumatic Injuries From Sheep Sacrifice During the Eid Al-Adha Holiday A Prospective Multicentered Study: Traumatic Injuries From Animal Sacrifice. European Journal of Therapeutics, 27(1), 8–13.



Original Articles