Does Being Treated for Osteoporosis Mean "Awareness"?

Abstract views: 181 / PDF downloads: 517




awareness, drug use, knowledge, osteoporosis


Objective: Although there are studies evaluating Osteoporosis (OP) awareness in different populations, there is no study evaluating OP awareness in patients currently receiving medical treatment for OP in the Turkish population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of OP knowledge and associated factors in patients receiving medical treatment for OP.

Methods: 301 people diagnosed with OP and using OP medication for at least one year were included in the study. Demographic characteristics, risk factors associated with OP, duration of OP drug use were questioned. The 2011 Revised OP Knowledge Test (OKT) was applied to all participants.

Results: Of the 301 patients evaluated in the study, 274 (91%) were female and 27 (9%) were male. The mean age was 65.64 ±8.29. The patients had been using prescribed medication for 1 (1-20) years due to OP. Mean OKT-exercise score was 8.11±1.71, mean OKT-nutrition score was 9.04 ±1.99 and mean OKT-total score was 11.53±2.24. OKT-exercise, OKT-nutrition, and OKT-total scores were significantly positively correlated with educational status, income status, dietary calcium intake, protein intake, physical activity, and significantly negatively correlated with age. OKT-exercise sub-scores were significantly higher in those living in the city center.

Conclusion: It is seen that the level of knowledge of the patients is quite low, even if they have been using drugs for OP for years. This is a warning to physicians about whether adequate information is given about behavioral methods in addition to medical treatment.


Metrics Loading ...


Cosman F, de Beur SJ, LeBoff MS, Lewiecki EM, Tanner B, Randall S, Lindsay R (2014) National Osteoporosis Foundation. Clinician’s Guide to Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis. Osteoporos Int. 25:2359-2381.

Pisani P, Renna MD, Conversano F, Casciaro E, Di Paola M, Quarta E, Muratare M, Casciaro S (2016) Major osteoporotic fragility fractures: Risk factor updates and societal impact. World J Orthop. 7(3):171-181.

Vestergaard P, Rejnmark L, Mosekilde L (2005) Osteoporosis is markedly underdiagnosed: a nationwide study from Denmark. Osteoporos Int. 16:134-141.

D’Silva F, Pinto CA (2017) Knowledge Level of Pre- and Post Menopausal Women on Osteoporosis: A Cross-Sectional Study. IOSR Nurs Health Sci. 06:70–75.

Riaz M, Abid N, Patel J, Tariq M, Khan MS, Zuberi L (2008) Knowledge about osteoporosis among healthy women attending a tertiary care hospital. J Pak Med Assoc. 58(4):190-194.

El-Sayed MM, Abdel Megeid F (2013) Osteoporosis-related life habits, knowledge and attitude among group of female employees in King Saud University. World Appl Sci J. 22(7):919-925.

Malak MZ, Toama ZT (2015) The effect of osteoporosis health education program based on health belief model on knowledge and health beliefs towards osteoporosis among Jordanian female teachers. Eur Sci J. 1:385-398.

Nguyen NV, Dinh TA, Ngo QV, Tran VD, Breitkopf CR (2015) Awareness and knowledge of osteoporosis in Vietnamese women. Asia Pac J Public Health. 27(2):NP95–105.

Endicott RD (2013) Knowledge, health beliefs, and self-efficacy regarding osteoporosis in Perimenopausal women. J Osteoporos. 2013:853531.

Nadler M, Alibhai S, Catton P, Catton C, To MJ, Jones JM (2013) Osteoporosis knowledge, health beliefs, and healthy bone behaviours in patients on androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer. BJU Int. 111(8):1301-1309

Hsieh E, Fraenkel L, Bradley EH, Xia W, Insogna KL, Cui Q, Li K, Li T (2014) Osteoporosis knowledge, self-efficacy, and health beliefs among Chinese individuals with HIV. Arch Osteoporos. 9(1):201.

MehdiKhani B, Eslami A, Qorbani M, Azarkeivan A, Mohammadi Z, Khashayar P, Keshtkar A (2015) Knowledge, attitude, and preventive practice of major thalassemia patients regarding the importance of calcium and vitamin D. J Appl Hematol. 6(1):13-18.

Akyol Y, Ulus Y, Bilgici A, Kuru Ö (2020) The Comparison of Knowledge Level and Awareness of Osteoporosis Between Premenopausal and Postmenopausal Women. Turk J Osteoporos. 26:10-18.

Gendler P, Coviak CP, Martin J, Kim KK, Dankers JK, Barclay JM, Sanchez TA (2015) Revision of the Osteoporosis Knowledge Test. West J Nurs Res. 37:1623-1643.

Atalay NS, Akkaya N, Şahin F (2015) The Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of Revised 2011-Osteoporosis Knowledge Test. Turk J Osteoporos. 21:127-131.

Costa-Paiva L, Gomes DC, Morais SS, Pedro AO, Pinto-Neto AM (2011) Knowledge about osteoporosis in postmenopausal women undergoing antiresorptive treatment. Maturitas. 69(1):81-85.

Janiszewska M, Firlej E, Żołnierczuk-Kieliszek D, Dziedzic M (2016) Knowledge about osteoporosis prevention among women screened by bone densitometry. Przeglad menopauzalny = Menopause review. 15(2):96-103.

Altaş E, Bayram K (2021) Geriatrik Yaş Grubunda Osteoporoz Bilgi ve Farkındalık Düzeyi. Ege Klinikleri Tıp Dergisi. 59(1):1-5.

Kurt EE, Koçak FA, Tuncay F, Erdem HR, Kıranatlıoğlu F (2021) Knowledge Level and Awareness about Osteoporosis among Risk Group of Rural Women. Turk J Osteoporos. 21:63-68.

Özişler Z, Delialioğlu ÜS, Özel S, Onat ŞŞ, Şahin AY, Dolmuş M (2015) Yaşlılarda osteoporoz farkındalığı: yaşlılarımız nerede? Turk J Osteoporos. 21:69-72.

Tan HC, Seng JJB, Low LL (2021) Osteoporosis awareness among patients in Singapore (OASIS)-a community hospital perspective. Arch Osteoporos. 16(1):151.

El Hage C, Hallit S, Akel M, Dagher E (2019) Osteoporosis awareness and health beliefs among Lebanese women aged 40 years and above. Osteoporos Int. 30:771-786.

Alhouri A, Zahrawi H, Alasaad S, Alhayek SM, Al Houri HN, Jomaa S, Torbey A, Swed S, Alamash D, Zawda A, Alhasan SA, Khalayli N, Kudsi M (2022) Assessing the Knowledge and Attitude towards Osteoporosis among Syrian Women: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int J Rheumatol. 6431151.

Hyassat D, Alyan T, Jaddou H, Ajlouni KM (2017) Prevalence and risk factors of osteoporosis among Jordanian postmenopausal women attending the national center for diabetes, endocrinology and genetics in Jordan. Biores Open Access. 6(1):85-93.

Raizah A, Alsabaani A, Alqahtani K, Aseeri M, Alqahtani N, Alqahtani A (2022) Awareness of Osteoporosis among the General Population of the Aseer Region, Saudi Arabia. 44(1):841-845.




How to Cite

Kıraç Ünal, Z., Şen Akalın, A. E., Sezer, M. K., Cankurtaran, D., & Ünlü Akyüz, E. (2024). Does Being Treated for Osteoporosis Mean "Awareness"?. European Journal of Therapeutics, 30(3), 347–353.