Investigation of Cervical Posture, Sleep Quality and Perceived Health Risk in Technology Addicted Adolescents and Young Adults: A Comparative Study

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Adolescent, perception, Balance, Gait, Head posture, Posture, Proprioception, Sleep Quality, Technology addiction


Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the cervical posture, sleep quality, and perceived health risk of technology-addicted adolescents, young adults and their controls.

Methods: Adolescents and young-adults participants (n=160) were divided into four groups as addicted and non-addicted according to their age and Technology Addiction Scale scores. Cervical posture assessments were obtained by photographic analysis. Craniovertebral (CVA), craniohorizontal (CHA) and sagittal shoulder angle (SSA) values were recorded. Sleep quality was assessed with the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Scale. Participants' Perceived Health Risk was evaluated with a single-item, five-point Likert questionnaire.

Results: The addicted participants had worse CVA than both their controls (p=0.000). Participants' CHA and SSA angles were similar in addicted groups (p=0.710 and p=0.612, respectively). Addicted adolescents had worse sleep quality than addicted young-adults (p=0.005). Perceived Health Risk is low level in all groups and there were no significant differences (p=0.055).

Conclusion: Technology addiction affects the adolescent group more negatively than the young-adults. In the sample of adolescents and young-adults, individuals did not perceive excessive use of technological tools as a risk factor for their health. The degradation of CVA due to overuse of technological tools precedes the degradation of CHA and SSA. This can be explained by the fact that CVA is a more general angle that includes both the head- neck position and the vertebrae. It is necessary for public health and future health expenditures to educate and raise awareness of the more vulnerable adolescent group.


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How to Cite

Maden, T., & Isik, E. I. (2023). Investigation of Cervical Posture, Sleep Quality and Perceived Health Risk in Technology Addicted Adolescents and Young Adults: A Comparative Study. European Journal of Therapeutics, 29(3), 629–637.



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