The Diagnosis of Fetal Gastrointestinal Systems Abnormalities with Prenatal Sonography

Abstract views: 46 / PDF downloads: 65


  • Metin BAYRAM Gaziantep Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Radyodiagnostik ABD., Y.Doç.Dr.



Prenatal Ultrasonografi, Gastrointestinal Anomali


Prenatal sonographt is an useful modality in evaluation of fetal gastrointestinal abnormalities. The sonographic appearance of a healthy fetus's gastrointestinal tract is variable and there are considerable similarities between the normal and abnormal gastrointestinal findings. Therefore one should be a ware of diagnostic pitfalls which may arise from confusion with normal anatomy.

In this review the normal anatomy, anatomic variations, pathologies and potential diagnostic pitfalls of the normal and abnormal fetal gastrointestinal system are examined.


Metrics Loading ...


Pretorius DH., Drose JA., Dennis MA., et al: Tracheoesaphageal fistula in utero: twnety two cases. J. Ultrasound med 6: 509-513, 1987.

Millener PB., Anderson NG., Chisholu RJ.: Prognostic significance of Nonvisualization of the Fetal Stomach by Sonography. AJR 160: 827-830, 1993.

Pretorius DH., Gosink BB., Clautice-Engle T., et al: Sonographic Evaluation of the Fetal Stomach: Significance of Nonvisualization. AJR 151: 987-989, 1988.

Walker JM., Ferguson DD.: The sonographic Appearance of Blood in the Fetal Stomach and its Association with Placental Abruption. J Ultrasound Med 7: 155-161, 1988.

Lince DM., Pretorius DH., Manco-Johnson ML., et al: The Clinical Significance of increased Echogenicity in the Fetal Abdomen. AJR 145: 683-686, 1985.

Nyberg DA., Hastrup W., Watts H., et al: Dilated Fetal Bowel: A Sonographic Sign of Cystic Fibrosis. J Ultrasound Med 6: 257-260, 1987.

Nyberg DA., Dubinsky T., Resta RG., Mahony BS., et al: Echogenic Fetal Bowel During the Second Trimester: Clinical Importance Radiology 188: 527-531, 1993.

Persutte WH.: Second Trimester Hyperechogenicity in the Lower Abdomen of Two Fetuses with Trisomy 21: is There a Correlation? JCU 18: 425-428, 1990.

Fung ASL., Wilson S., Toi A., Johnson JA.: Echogenic Colonic Meconium in the Third Trimester. A Normal Sonographic Finding. J Ultrasound Med 11: 676-678, 1992 .

Forouzon I.: Fetal Abdominal Echogenic Mass: An Early Sign of Intrauterine Cytomegal Virus Infection. Obstet Gynecol 80: 535-537, 1992.

Harris RD., Nyberg DA., Mack LA., et al: Anorectal Atresia: Prenatal Sonographic Diagnosis. AJR 149:395-400, 1987.

Grant T., Newman M., Gould R., et al: Intraluminal Colonic Calcifications Associated with Anorectal Atresia. J Ultrasound Med 9:411-413, 1990.

Foster MA., Nyberg DA., Mahony BS., et al: Meconium Peritonitis: Prenatal Sonographic Finds and Their Clinical Significance. Radiology 165:661-665, 1987.

Bair JH., Russ PD., Pretorius DH., et al: Fetal Omphalocele and Gastroschisis: A Review of 24 Cases. AJR 1986 47:1047-1050.

Hansen LK., Pedersen SA., Kristoffersen K.: Prenatal Rupture of Omphalocele. JCU 15:191-193, 1987.




How to Cite

BAYRAM, M. (1994). The Diagnosis of Fetal Gastrointestinal Systems Abnormalities with Prenatal Sonography. European Journal of Therapeutics, 5(1), 123–132.



Review Articles