Rheumatoid Arthritis and Periodontal Health
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Keywords:Rheumatoid arthritis, Periodontitis, Gingivitis
Periodontal diseases are characterized with inflammation in periodontal supportive tissues and alveolar bone resorption. They might interfere with systemic health or systemic disease pattern via local and systemic host response occurred against bacteria. The aim of this study is to compare the oral and periodontal health status of rheumatoid arthritis. 65 subjects with rheumatoid arthritis (55 female, 10 male) were included in this study. Patients were evaluated both clinically and radio graphically. The measurement of gingival index, plaque index, probing depth, clinical attachment levels and the number of missing teeth were recorded. All of the clinical periodontal parameters were found significantly higher in RA group. Our results showed that percentage of patients with gingivitis was 63%, patients with chronic periodontitis was 22%, periodontitis patients with aggressive periodontitis was 4.6%. The results of this study showed weak oral health and periodontal status in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
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