ISSN 2564-7784 | E-ISSN 2564-7040
Original Article
The Efficacy of Pneumatic Compression Devices in the Treatment of Patients with Lymphedema after Mastectomy
1 Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, İstanbul Bilgi University Faculty of Health Sciences, İstanbul, Turkey  
Eur J Ther 2019; 25: 109-114
DOI: 10.5152/EurJTher.2018.503
Key Words: Lymphedema, mastectomy, pneumatic compression
Abstract

 

Objective: The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of compression bandage and compression device in the treatment of patients with breast cancer with mild to moderate upper extremity secondary mastectomy with secondary lymphedema.

 

Methods: The present study was conducted on 80 female patients with unilateral upper extremity lymphadenopathy diagnosed postoperatively in women with breast cancer who underwent mastectomy. Only bandage was applied to the control group (n=40); intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) and bandage (n=40) were applied to the treatment group. All patients received treatment for a total of 15 sessions for 5 weeks, 3 days/week. After all the patients’ age and body mass index (BMI) were recorded, the shoulder joint range of motions (ROMs) were measured by goniometer, circumferential measurements were measured by tape measure 4 times and on days 5, 10, and 15, and the Q-DASH functional disability scale was evaluated. The SPSS 22.0 package program was used for statistical analyzes. A p value <0.05 was accepted as statistically significant.

 

Results: The average age of the patients was 54.80±10.36 years, and BMI was 28.78±4.65 kg/m2. When the circumferential and ROM measurements of the patients were examined, improvement was observed in both groups, but only the bandaged group was better than the IPC group (p=0.030, 0.019, 0.044, < 0.001, and < 0.001). In case of functional status assessments, improvement was observed only in patients who received bandages (p<0.001).

 

Conclusion: As a result of the present study, there was no significant difference between compression bandage and intermittent compression device applications in the treatment of patients with lymphedema after mastectomy. Even in some measurements, it was seen that there was more improvement in patients who had only bandages applied.

 

How to cite: Duymaz T. The Efficacy of Pneumatic Compression Devices in the Treatment of Patients with Lymphedema after Mastectomy. Eur J Ther 2019; 25(2): 109-14.

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