European Journal of Therapeutics
Original Article

Traumatic Injuries from Animal Sacrifice During the Eid Al-Adha Holiday: A Prospective Multicentered Study

1.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Hasan Kalyoncu University, Gaziantep, Turkey

2.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Şehitkamil State Hospital, Gaziantep, Turkey

3.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Nizip State Hospital, Gaziantep, Turkey

4.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Western Michigan University School of Medicine, Kalamazoo, MI, USA

5.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, Turkey

Eur J Ther 1; 1: -
DOI: 10.5152/EurJTher.2020.20020
Read: 75 Downloads: 60 Published: 07 September 2020

Background: Sacrifice of animals is an important ritual of the Eid Al-Adha annual holiday.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to describeinjuries related to the sacrificial slaughtering of animals during the Eid holiday.

Method: Multi-centered prospective observational cohort study conducted during Eid (August 21-24, 2018) at 5 emergency departments in Gaziantep, Turkey. Descriptive statistics of injuries collected included injury location, involvement of dominant or non dominant hand, cause of injury (instrument vs animal), type of instrument causing injury, surgical interventions performed and professional occupations of patients.

Result: 277/330 patients with injuries fulfilled the inclusion criteria; injuries not related to animal slaughter were excluded. 91% of injuries occurred inpeople who were not professional butchers (n=252) and simple laceration (not involving vessels or tendons) was the most common injury type (95.3%; n=265). Those who were injured and had no experience were mostly injured during the processing of the meat (butchering) and while helping others. Lacerations were most commonly observed in the upper extremity (83.4%; n=231), on the non-dominant side (67.5%; n=187), in the hand (78.7%, n=218), and specifically in the index finger (23.1%; n=64). Surgical intervention was performed on 8 patients.

Conclusion: The first day of Eid is associated with an increase in mostly non-dominant upper extremity injuries among inexperienced people slaughtering animals. Further education and safety measures may reduce such injuries. Emergency departmentsserving larger Muslim communities may benefit from anticipating an uptick in these injuries.

How to cite: Oktay MM, Boğan M, Sabak M, Gümüşboğa H, Hakmeh W, Eren ŞH. Traumatic Injuries from Animal Sacrifice During the Eid Al-Adha Holiday: A Prospective Multicentered Study. Eur J Ther 2020; DOI: 10.5152/EurJTher.2020.20020.

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