European Journal of Therapeutics
Original Article
Effects of Different Bleaching Methods on the Enamel Mineralization Level

Effects of Different Bleaching Methods on the Enamel Mineralization Level

1.

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Gaziantep University School of Dentistry, Gaziantep, Turkey

Eur J Ther 2019; 25: 201-206
DOI: 10.5152/EurJTher.2019.18024
Read: 128 Downloads: 17 Published: 22 October 2019

Objective: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the mineralization level of human enamel following bleaching treatment using a laser fluorescence device.
 

Methods: A total of 45 patients were divided into three groups according to the bleaching method used. In Group 1, chemical bleaching was conducted with 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP). In Group 2, we used 35% HP activated by a 980 nm diode laser. In Group 3, bleaching was conducted with ozone. Levels of mineralization were measured using a laser fluorescence device before bleaching, just after bleaching and also on the 2-weeks and 1-month following bleaching.
 

Results: Data were analyzed using the Kruskal–Wallis test, one-way analysis of variance, and Mann–Whitney U test. The values were significantly higher compared to initial values following bleaching and at the 2-weeks follow-up for Groups 1 and 2 (p<0.05). However, values were similar to the initial values at the 1-month recall (p>0.05). For Group 3, the values were significantly reduced following bleaching (p<0.05), while the values of each postbleaching were statistically similar (p>0.05).
 

Conclusion: Both chemical and laser-activated bleaching resulted in a significant reduction of the mineralization level, while bleaching with ozone did not. Bleaching with ozone seems to be safer in terms of demineralization compared to HP.

 

How to cite: Sürmelioğlu D. Effects of Different Bleaching Methods on the Enamel Mineralization Level. Eur J Ther 2019; 25(3): 201-6.

Files
ISSN2564-7784 EISSN 2564-7040