ISSN 2564-7784 | E-ISSN 2564-7040
Original Article
Smoking status and effects of happiness on smoking in Turkish pregnant women
1 Clinic of Nursery, Aydın State Hospital, Aydın, Turkey  
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Nursing, Adnan Menderes University School of Nursing, Aydın, Turkey  
Eur J Ther 2017; 23: 138-145
DOI: 10.5152/EurJTher.2017.31
Key Words: Smoking, pregnancy, happiness and anxiety

Objective: The aim of this research was to explore smoking during pregnancy, features of pregnant women who smoke, factors that affect smoking during pregnancy, and effects of anxiety and happiness on smoking during pregnancy.


Methods: This was a cross-sectional and analytical study. The study was conducted at 16 family health centers in  Aydın, Turkey. In total, 187 pregnant women were selected through stratified random sampling. Data were collected using a questionnaire developed by researchers (D.S, H.A,) the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire. Data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, logistic regression analysis, Kolmogorov–Smirnov test, Mann–Whitney U test, and receiver operating characteristic analysis.


Results: The rate of smoking was 32.1% before pregnancy and 13.9% during pregnancy. Not having a civil marriage and moving to another place increased smoking. There was a statistically significant difference in the smoking status and the number of cigarettes smoked before and during pregnancy between the groups. Smoking of spouses and other people increased the number of smoking women. There was no statistically significant difference  (U=-1.465, p=0.143) between anxiety scores and smoking during pregnancy; however, the difference between happiness scores and smoking during pregnancy was significant (U=-2.804, p=0.005).


Conclusion: Feeling happy, smoking spouses or other people around the women, and the number of cigarettes smoked before pregnancy were found to affect smoking during pregnancy. 


How to cite: Sönmez D, Aksu H. Smoking status and effects of happiness on smoking in Turkish pregnant women. Eur J Ther 2017; 23: 138-45.

Key Words
AVES | Copyright © 2018 European Journal of Therapeutics | Latest Update: 13.12.2018