ISSN 2564-7784 | E-ISSN 2564-7040
1 Gaziantep University School of Medicine, Department of Anatomy, Gaziantep, Turkey  
Eur J Ther ; : -

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the numbers and position of the nutrient foramina of the human femur, tibia and fibula and to observe the size, direction and obliquity of the nutrient foramina.


Patients and Methods: We observed 265 adult human lower limbs long bones in the Anatomy Department of the Gaziantep University. The nutrient foramina were identified with naked eyes and the obliquity was determined with a hypodermic needle. Gauge 20 and 24 needles were used for size determination. Shape was observed with a naked eye and allocated into oval and round types. The nutrient foramina location was determined by dividing total bone length into three segments and the locations were validated by calculating foraminal index.


Results: Findings showed that 79% of the long bones had a single nutrient foramen. More than 96% of the nutrient foramina was or were directed away from the knees. 87% of the femoral foramina were located in the middle third, 72% of tibial foramina were located in the proximal third while 98% of the fibular nutrient foramina were located in the middle third of the specimens. Overall, no foramina were found on the distal third of the studied bones.


Conclusion: Our findings are consistent with several research studies. The findings from our study add to the global evidence base and will be beneficial resource for medical graduates and professionals to understand the anatomical characteristics of nutrient foramina.

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AVES | Copyright © 2018 European Journal of Therapeutics | Latest Update: 13.12.2018