ISSN 2564-7784 | E-ISSN 2564-7040
Original Article
Smoking Status and Effects of Happiness on Smoking in Turkish Pregnant Women
1 Department of Nursing, Aydın State Hospital, Aydın, Turkey  
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Adnan Menderes University School of Nursing, Aydın, Turkey  
Gaziantep Med J ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/EurJTher.2017.31
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Key Words: Smoking, pregnancy, happiness and anxiety

Objective: The aim of this research is to explore smoking during pregnancy, features of pregnant women who smoke, factors that affect smoking during pregnancy and effects of anxiety and happiness on smoking during pregnancy.


Methods: This is a cross-sectional and analytical study. The study was conducted at 16 family health centers in xxxx, Turkey. A hundred and eighty-seven pregnant women were selected through stratified random sampling. Data were gathered with a questionnaire developed by the researcher, the Beck Anxiety Inventory and the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire. Obtained data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, logistic regression analysis, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Mann-Whitney U test and receiver operating characteristic analysis.


Results: The rate of smoking was 32.1% before pregnancy and 13.9% during pregnancy. Not having a civil marriage and moving to another place increased smoking. There was a statistically significant difference in smoking status and the number of cigarettes smoked before pregnancy and smoked during pregnancy between the groups. Presence of smoking spouses and other people increased the number of smoking women. There was not a statistically significant difference between anxiety scores and smoking during pregnancy, but the difference between happiness scores and smoking during pregnancy was significant.


Conclusion: Feeling happy, smoking spouses or other people around the women and the number of cigarettes smoked before pregnancy were found to affect smoking during pregnancy. 

Key Words
AVES | Copyright © 2017 European Journal of Therapeutics | Latest Update: 28.11.2017