ISSN 2564-7784 | E-ISSN 2564-7040
1 Gaziantep Cengiz Gökçek Maternity and Children Hospital, Department of Nutrition and Diet, Gaziantep, Turkey  
2 Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Izmir, Turkey  
Eur J Ther ; : -

Abstract

Objective: In this study, we aimed to evaluate malnutrition, breastfeeding, introduction to the complementary feeding, and nutritional status of hospitalized children aged between 1 and 5 years.

 

Methods: A total of 484 children between 1-5 years of age without underlying chronic disease with their mothers were included in the study. The mothers of the patients were questioned about the breastfeeding, introduction to complementary feeding, and nutritional status of children. Anthropometric measurements including body weight and height of children were evaluated using the WHO Anthro Program. The interpretation of measurements was done by using Z-score (standard deviation [SD]) cut-points. 

 

Results: The mean age of the patients was 2.27 years. The rate of mothers who breastfed less than six months was 19.6% and, among the children aged 12-24 months, the rate of children who were breastfed was 42.4%. The mean age to start complementary feeding was 6.8 ± 3.01 months. The first complementary food given was yoghurt in 45.6% and vegetable soup in 29.4% of babies. The rate of acute malnutrition was 13.6% and chronic malnutrition was 5.2%, and obesity was 7.2%.

 

Conclusion: Malnutrition is a major health problem. It is multifactorial including timing of introduction of complementary feeding, preparation techniques of food, socioeconomic, and cultural factors. To eliminate the adverse effects of nutrition on health problems, the nutritional status of the individuals should be closely monitored, and necessary precautions should be taken. 

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