ISSN 2564-7784 | E-ISSN 2564-7040
Original Article
Knowledge Levels And Attitudes of Diabetic Patients about Their Diseases
1 Department of Nursing, Erzincan University, Erzincan, Turkey  
Gaziantep Med J ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/EurJTher.2017.67
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Key Words: Diabetes Mellitus, knowledge levels, attitude, nursing
Abstract

Objective: Diabetes is a serious health problem growing worldwide and leads to significant morbidity and mortality. The current study was conducted in order to determine knowledge level and attitudes of diabetic patients about their diseases.

 

Methods: The population of this cross-sectional study was composed of the Type I  diabetic patients and  the II diabetic patients who applied to the outpatient internal diseases polyclinic of a public hospital located. No sampling was made and 335 diabetic patients who volunteered to participate and were able to communicate were included in the study. The data were gathered using personal information form that questioned descriptive characteristics of the patients and disease features and Diabetes Attitude Scale (DAS) and a face to face interview technique. To analyze the data; percentages, arithmetic means, Mann-Whitney U and Kruskall Wallis tests were employed.

 

Results: When knowledge levels of the patients about the disease were investigated; 70.4% did not know the organ that caused the disease, and 37% did not know how often they should wash and control their feet. It was discovered that mean DAS score of the patients was 3.58±0.30 and they developed a positive attitude against diabetes. Also; it was noted that there were significant differences between regular blood glucose control and need for special training to provide diabetes care, seriousness of noninsulin-dependent diabetes, DAS total score; between regular medicine use and need for special training to provide diabetes care, blood glucose control and complications, patient autonomy, team care, DAS total score.

 

Conclusion: As a result; it was found out that diabetes knowledge levels of the patients were not satisfactory but they developed a positive attitude towards diabetes. 

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AVES | Copyright © 2017 European Journal of Therapeutics | Latest Update: 28.11.2017